Multimedia learning as learning from words and pictures (Mayer 2005),
Multimedia instruction is intended to foster learning by presenting words and pictures.
Richard E. Mayer discusses twelve principles that shape the design and organization of multimedia presentations. Some examples are included:
Mayer's best known contribution to the field of educational psychology is multimedia learning theory, which posits that optimal learning occurs when visual and verbal materials are presented together simultaneously.
He reported plenty of experimental studies to test a dozen of “multimedia principle” which states that “people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from words alone”. The research-based principle are regarded as the basis for Mayer’s cognitive theory of multimedia learning.
Multimedia may facilitate learning better than tailoring media to individual student differences (Reed, 2006). By using different media, teachers increase the likelihood that at least one type will be effective for every student.
As reviewed by Schunk (2012), instructional devices that assist multimedia learning are: