Classical conditioning is a multistep procedure, which can be summarized as follows:
|1||UCS (food powder)||UCR(salivation)|
|2||CS (metronome), them UCS (food powder)||UCR(salivation)|
Elements are important in understanding the classical conditioning process:
Behaviorism had its earliest start with the work of a Russian physiologist named Ivan Pavlov on the digestive systems of dogs, which demonstrated that behaviors could be learned via conditioned associations.
Pavlov believed that conditioning is an automatic process that occurs with repeated CS–UCS pairings and that repeated nonpairings extinguish the CR. Any perceived stimulus can be conditioned to any response that can be made.
Classical conditioning isn't as dominant as it was in the early stages of instructional design and educational technology. Though this behaviorist model has been criticized, it is extensively used in behavioral therapies to help people overcome phobias or other anxiety problems.