A case: Teacher B (Ben)
Ben is a biology teacher and tries hard to maintain a very good relationship with his students. No matter how the students behave, he will first dip into the reason why they have had such behavior and endeavors to offer assistance (if necessary). On the whole, his class is embracing in a comfortable environment. As a biology teacher, Ben does not drill the students with abstract concepts or biological terms but always seek ways to provide real life experience / hand on activities and encourages them to further explore the knowledge / discuss among themselves.
Basic assumptions of humanistic theorists (Schunk et al., 2008) are as follows:
Well-known humanistic theories include those of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers.
Dewey called for education to be grounded in real experience. He believes that schools should NOT focus on repetitive and rote memorization. Student should be provided with opportunities to engage in real-world, practical workshops in which they would demonstrate their knowledge through creativity and collaboration.
Kolb proposed Experiential Learning Model, which is composed of 4 elements:
This model was developed predominantly for use with adult education, but has found widespread pedagogical implications in higher education.
Maslow first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" and his subsequent book Motivation and Personality. He believed that human actions are unified by being directed toward goal attainment
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs broke down human motivation into a hierarchy of needs, which is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid.
The five sets of basic goals, briefly physiological, safety, love, 'esteem, and self-actualization, are related to each other and arranged in a hierarchy of prepotency.
Focus is placed on developing students’ self-esteem and feeling of worth; emphasis on teacher-student relationships and students feeling comfortable. While it is helpful to have a safe environment, this theory does not provide learning mechanisms and strictly not a learning model but one that can help explain human behavior.
Humanism is linked to instructional approaches and strategies such as: