Social constructivism focus on social nature of cognition, and suggests approaches that
Vygotsky added the social perspective of learning to constructivist theory and practice. Emphasis on the social aspects of the learning process has become very important in thought about learning and teaching.
Vygotsky’s theory stresses that social Interactions are critical and that knowledge is constructed via the interactions with the environment and the other people. Vygotksy is especially known for introducing the concept of the “Zone of Proximal Development” (ZPD). The notion of scaffolding, was first proposed by Wood, Bruner, and Ross (1976), also is based on Vygotsky’s ideas. The main ideas of social constructivism are:
Social constructivism is linked to instructional approaches and strategies such as: