Have you been teaching with your intuition and experience? (“I think this is the better way to teach”, “I think this will benefit my students more”, “I think my students will learn better in this way”)

How do you know that your students learn in the way you “think” they do? How do you know whether your intuition and experience are reliable?

Actually, educational researchers conduct studies to investigate how people learn and develop various learning theories. These theories can provide scientific guidance for your teaching! Isn’t it amazing?

Basically, there are four learning paradigms: behaviorism, humanism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The most contemporary one is the constructivism, which includes cognitive constructivism and social constructivism. The following instructional approaches underneath constructivism may provide you new insight on your teaching!

  • Positive Reinforcement
  • Rewards & Punishment
  • Drills & Practice
  • Experiential Learning
  • Self-esteem
  • Teacher-Student Relationship
  • Advance Organizers
  • Multimedia Learning
  • Variation Theory
  • Metacognition & Self-Regulated Learning
  • Reading to Learn
  • Problem-Based Learning
  • Project-Based Learning
  • Arguing to Learn
  • Peer Learning
  • Productive Failure
  • Web-based Scientific Inquiry
  • Concept Mapping
  • Inquiry-Based Learning
  • Accountable Talk
  • Situated & Experiential Learning
  • Collaborative Inquiry
  • Learning Communities
  • Knowledge Building
  • Informal Learning